IMPLEMENTASI SISTEM KONTROL PENGGERAK MOTOR STEPPER PADA PROSES MOLDING MICROPLASTIC BERBASIS PID MENGGUNAKAN PLC DAN ARDUINO

Alvian Anggiana Putra, Muhamad Rifai, Hari Kurnia Safitri

Abstract


The current industry has entered an era where every production process incorporates automation and data exchange in its manufacturing. This era is known as Industry 4.0. Industry 4.0 has had a significant impact on various industrial sectors, particularly in the production of plastic goods using techniques such as injection molding. This process is capable of producing more precise products. In the injection molding process, a well-controlled system is needed to guide plastic pellets according to the intended mold design, utilizing actuators like stepper motors. This research aims to apply the PID (Proportional-Integral-Derivative) method to control stepper motors in microplastic molding processes. The proposed system has been successfully implemented and can produce products according to the planned specifications. The most suitable PID parameter values for controlling the stepper motor are Kp = 14, Ki = 0.007, and Kd = 7000. Changing the setpoint value from 2500 to 2700 has an impact on the molding results, with the best results achieved at a setpoint value of 2700. A setpoint value of 2700 ensures that the mold and nozzle are in the correct, tight position, allowing the molding process to proceed smoothly in line with the provided design.

Full Text:

PDF 22-30

References


I. Yulianto, Rispianda, and H. Prassetiyo, “Rancangan Desain Mold Produk Knob Regulator Kompor Gas pada Proses Injection Molding,” Reka Integr. J. Online Institu Teknol. Nas., vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 140–151, 2014.

S. Zhang, R. Dubay, and M. Charest, “A principal component analysis model-based predictive controller for controlling part warpage in plastic injection molding,” Expert Syst. Appl., vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 2919–2927, 2015.

W. L. Chen, C. Y. Huang, and C. Y. Huang, “Finding efficient frontier of process parameters for plastic injection molding,” J. Ind. Eng. Int., vol. 9, no. 1, 2013.

E. Müller, R. Schillig, T. Stock, and M. Schmeiler, “Improvement of injection moulding processes by using dual energy signatures,” Procedia CIRP, vol. 17, no. Imm, pp. 704–709, 2014.

Y. qi Wang, J. gyu Kim, and J. il Song, “Optimization of plastic injection molding process parameters for manufacturing a brake booster valve body,” Mater. Des., vol. 56, pp. 313–317, 2014.

A. Sudamanto, Sumariyah, and I. Gunadi, “Rancang Bangun Pengendali Motor Stepper Untuk Deteksi Jumlah Obyek Putar dengan menggunakan Komputer,” Berk. Fis., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 17–22, 2015.

B. C. Wibowo and F. Nugraha, “Kendali Kecepatan Motor Stepper Menggunakan Metode Start – Stop Berbasis PLC,” J. Tek. Elektro dan Komput., vol. 10, no. 3, p. 213, 2021.

R. Rizeki, B. Setiyono, and M. A. Riyadi, “Perancangan Sistem Kontrol Motor Berbasis Kontrol PID Dengan Menggunakan Mikrokontroller ATmega8535 Pada Sizing Process Sistem Weaving I Greige Di PT . Apac Inti Corpora,” Skripsi Fak. Tek. Univ. Diponegoro, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 771–779, 2015.

R. P. Putra and Y. Yenni, “The Design of Arduino Uno Based Automatic Concrete Maker,” JEEMECS (Journal Electr. Eng. Mechatron. Comput. Sci., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 171–178, 2020.

S. J. Sokop, D. J. Mamahit, M. Eng, S. R. U. A. Sompie, ) Mahasiswa, and ) Pembimbing, “Trainer Periferal Antarmuka Berbasis Mikrokontroler Arduino Uno,” J. Tek. Elektro dan Komput., vol. 5, no. 3, p. 14, 2016.

I. W. W., S. Sori, J. Jakaria, A. H. W., and M. Mulyono, “APLIKASI PRGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER ( PLC ) PADA SISTEM KONTROL PROSES PENGELASAN INNER DAN OUTER TABUNG IRADIAS,” JFN, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 31–42, 2016.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23960/jitet.v12i1.3601

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Publisher
Jurusan Teknik Elektro, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Lampung
Jl. Prof. Soemantri Brojonegoro No. 1 Bandar Lampung 35145
Email: jitet@eng.unila.ac.id
Website : https://journal.eng.unila.ac.id/index.php/jitet

Copyright (c) Jurnal Informatika dan Teknik Elektro Terapan (JITET)
pISSN: 2303-0577   eISSN: 2830-7062